Nobleman of Marwar in Open Durbar

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Size: 18 x 26 inches (framed)
Medium: Ink and Watercolour on Paper
Condition: Good; Central Fold Mark
Style: Marwar School of Painting (Jodhpur)


This is a Marwar School sketch of a Marwar (Jodhpur) nobleman in open Durbar with his sirdars. It is a rare unfinished drawing made with ink on paper. Some watercolour has been used mainly to highlight the distinctive Marwari turbans. The nobleman (ruler) sits in an open pillared structure, with two attendants fanning him with peacock feather fans. His sirdars sit on each side. Each of the subjects is named in Devanagari script. They carry dhals (shields) and wear katar daggers in their waist bands. There are a few minor creases on the artwork and some rubbing out. The artwork measures 13 x 20.75 inches, and with the mount and frame, it is 18 x 26 inches.

About the Marwar School of Painting
Jodhpur, the second largest city of Rajasthan, was historically known as the kingdom of Marwar. The Marwar School includes the Kishangarh and Bikaner style of painting from Bikaner, Jodhpur, Nagaur, Pali and Ghanerao.
"With the political presence of Mughals since the sixteenth century, influence of their visual aesthetics made its way in the style of portraiture and depiction of court scenes, etc. However, the formidable indigenous folkish style was so widespread and deeply embedded in culture that it resisted getting overpowered and prevailed in most illustrated sets of paintings. A productive period of painting was ushered in by Maharaja Jaswant Singh (1638–1678) in the mid seventeenth century. A trend for documentary painting through portraiture and depiction of court life started under his patronage around 1640, and enjoyed prominence till the advent of photography. His successor Ajit Singh (1679–1724) became the king after 25 years of war with Aurangzeb, and his heroism got popularly celebrated in poems and court paintings.” The last innovative phase of Jodhpur painting coincided with the reign of Man Singh (1803–1843). "Inscriptions behind Marwar paintings do not reveal much information regarding the painting until the nineteenth century. Seldom, dates are inscribed, and even more rarely, the names of artists and place of painting find a mention."